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D206 – Formulation of Educational Criteria for School Buildings

  • Effective: 8/27/1969
  • Revision:
  • Reviewed: 3/26/2013

  1. Board Directive
    It is the desire of the Board of Education that each new building constructed reflect those features and designs most appropriate to desirable and current teaching processes and efficient service areas in that school. The District Administration shall be responsible for the detailed formulation of the educational criteria for a particular building.
  2. Administrative Policy
    The District Administration shall carry out this responsibility in accordance with the following administrative policy provisions:

    1. The Planning and Student Services Department shall provide information relative to the proposed enrollment of the school.
    2. An ad hoc committee of District personnel shall be chosen by the Administration to recommend various features to be included in the general plan of each building. This committee shall consider the educational criteria for new buildings as developed by the various divisions.
    3. Typical areas to be considered, appropriate to the grade level, are as follows:
      1. Administration and Lounge Area
      2. General Classroom Area
      3. Science Area
      4. Instructional MediaArea
      5. CTE Area
      6. Art Area
      7. Family and Consumer Science (FACS) Area
      8. Music Area
      9. All-Purpose Area
      10. Cafeteria and Kitchen
      11. Gymnasium
      12. Auditorium andStage
      13. Restrooms and other service facilities
    4. The administration and Director of Facility Services shall inform the architectural firm, chosen for a particular project, of the proposed budget for construction of the unit.
    5. Each of these areas mentioned shall be studied from the standpoint of its location in the building.
    6. The architects shall be given this criteria for consideration in preparingthe schematic drawings of the buildings.
    7. The schematic drawings shall then bestudied and refined by the Board, the administration, and the architects.
    8. The Director of NewConstruction and
      the personnel involved in the criteria preparationshall make
      periodic checks to see that the specific criteria are beingfollowed.

      1. Elementary Schools
        1. Kindergarten through sixth grade
        2. Outdoor areas to be provided
          1. Blacktopped play area
          2. Grassed play area
          3. Protected play area for kindergarten with play pit and play structure
          4. Faculty and public parking areas
          5. Landscape and lawn areas
          6. Adequate and separate drop-off areas for buses and parents
          7. Minimum of 120 parking stalls
        3. Administration facilities
          1. Reception area
          2. Clerk's office
          3. Supply room, including work space
          4. Principal's office and Assistant Principal's office
          5. Counseling rooms (two) with reception space
          6. Restrooms for men and for women
          7. Faculty lounge with kitchenette
          8. Health room with rest room
        4. Instructional MaterialsCenter
          1. Book and supply room
          2. Teacher's workroom (to serve as a faculty planning facility)
          3. Media preparation room,including kiln room
          4. Audio-visual equipment storage
          5. Listening room (individual or group utilization for recorded
          6. Viewing room for teachers previewing visual materials or
            for individual student viewing
          7. Instructional Media Center office and work area
          8. Library reading room large enough to accommodate approximately 10% of enrollment and to provide adequate shelving for number of books required
          9. Two conference areas for small groups and individual carrels as needed
            General Notes:
            Rapid developments and continuous changes in educational specifications regarding use and relationship of the instructional media center to teaching methods indicate that flexibility in this area is necessary and should be anticipated in the basic design. The Instructional Media Center should be carpeted throughout except in the book and supply room and in the media preparation room.
        5. Classrooms - 31 teaching stations
          1. Each module shall contain three teaching stations of approximately 900 square feet each, a common crafts area, workroom, restrooms, and cloak spaces
          2. Floor covering of hard surface material for crafts area; other floor surfaces to be carpeted
        6. Kindergarten Suite
          1. Two or three classrooms to contain approximately 1,350 square feet each
          2. Crafts area accessible to each of the classrooms
          3. Teachers' offices
          4. Storage room
          5. Restrooms and coat hanging space
          6. Floor covering of hard surface material for crafts area; other floor surfaces to be carpeted
        7. Remedial Reading Room
          1. Area to contain approximately 240 square feet
          2. Location near administrative offices
          3. Floor surface carpeted
        8. Multi-Purpose Room
          1. Area to contain about 3,200 square feet
          2. Ceiling height of 20 feet approximately
          3. Equipment: portable stage, chair, and equipment storage space; This room is to be used for indoor play, assemblies, and group instruction. It can be used in conjunction with cafeteria, and should provide anchoring devices for gym apparatus.
        9. Cafeteria
          1. Area to contain approximately 3,200 square feet
          2. Ceiling height of 20 feet approximately
          3. Dining tables in wall, or portable tables
          4. Storage room for tables
        10. Kitchen
          1. Area for cooking and preparation of food
          2. Office
          3. Vegetable storage room
          4. Dry storage room
          5. Locker and rest room
          6. Can wash room
          7. Receiving area, with dock
          8. Walk-in cooler
          9. Walk-in freezer
        11. Custodial and Service Areas
          1. Janitor's storage and workrooms
          2. Space for storage of outdoor equipment
          3. Space for accommodation and storage of mechanical equipment
          4. Rest room facilities according to the International Plumbing Code (IPC)
      2. Middle Schools
        1. Grades seven, eight, and nine
        2. Outdoor areas to be provided
          1. Football field
          2. Baseball field
          3. Faculty and public parking
          4. Bus loading and accesses
          5. Landscaped-lawn areas
        3. Administration Rooms
          1. Clerical Office
            (a) Workroom
            (b) Reception space
            (c) Record vault
          2. Principal's Office
          3. Assistant Principal's Office
          4. Four counseling rooms
          5. Conference and testing room
          6. Student activities office and workroom
          7. Health suite
          8. Supply room
          9. Restrooms
          10. Faculty room and work space - These
            rooms may be located in conjunction with teaching areas and teachers' offices.
        4. Auditorium
          1. Adequate number of seats (approximately one-half of the student body minimum)
          2. Stage
            (a) Open type stage - no fly loft
            (b) Offstage work area
            (c) Offstage storage area
            (d) Boys' and girls' dressing areas
          3. Projection room
          4. Ticket booth and cloak room
          5. Aisles to be carpeted
          6. Light switches at corridor entrances
            to provide light from auditorium entrance to switch panel
          7. Provisions for multi-use of auditorium
        5. Cafeteria and Kitchen
          1. Area to accommodate 600 students
          2. Movable tables
          3. Floor finished with terrazzo or similar
          4. Kitchen
            (a) Cooking and preparation areas
            (b) Ventilated storage room
            (c) Office
            (d) Dressing and rest room
          5. Dining area suitable for multi-uses
            such as student activities, lecture, and study, etc.
          6. Loading dock for kitchen supplies
        6. Instructional Materials Center
          1. Library reading room large enough to
            accommodate 10% of enrollment
          2. Adequate shelving space for books
          3. Office and workroom
          4. Individual study spaces
          5. Individual and group use of media equipment
          6. Small classroom divisible into two conference rooms for librarian and teachers to be used in connection with teaching class groups. This area can also be used for listening and viewing.
          7. Storage spaces for books, audio-visual
            equipment, and self-instructional materials
          8. Instructional Media Center location
            (a) Convenient to study centers and away from noise
            (b) Accessible to public for evening and summer use with possible outside entrance
            (c) Expandable in space and facilities to meet growing needs.
        7. Custodial and Service Areas
          1. Custodial Center
            (a) Work space with a bench and office
            (b) Locker room and rest room
            (c) Outside entrance
          2. Receiving room
            (a) Storage area
            (b) Dock
            (c) Incinerator
          3. Equipment storage areas
            (a) Outside equipment (in outside shed)
            (b) Inside equipment
          4. Student lockers in corridors or locker
          5. Rest room facilities according to the International Plumbing Code (IPC).
          6. Drinking Fountains per the International Plumbing Code (IPC).
        8. Gymnasium
          1. Folding bleachers. Seating to accommodate
            1,000 persons
          2. Main playing court (50' x 80') regulation
            junior high school size
          3. Folding wall or mechanical divider
            to provide boys' and girls' area
          4. Boys' and girls' sections of not less
            than 45' x 65' clear floor area
          5. Boys' and girls' areas provided with
            (a) Locker rooms and locks
            (b) Restrooms for locker rooms
            (c) Shower rooms
            (d) Equipment rooms
            (e) Office
            (f) Corrective exercise room in an open alcove off of main gym area; ceiling height to accommodate trampolines, etc.
          6. Twelve backstops around perimeter
          7. Exposed structure and duct work permissible
          8. Roof deck finished to provide acoustical absorption
          9. Dressing rooms with easy access to playing fields
          10. Convenient access for public spectators
            and controlled circulation in halls
        9. Music
          1. Choral Room
            (a) Two practice rooms
            (b) Storage room for gowns and other equipment
          2. Band Room
            (a) Six practice rooms visible to instructor
            (b) Facilities for instrument storage
            (c) Facilities for uniform storage
            (d) Instructor's office
            (e) Facilities for sound and recording near instructor station (both studios)
          3. General Equipment
            (a) Adequate whiteboard and tackboard space
            (b) Music storage racks
            (c) Acoustical Provisions
            (i.) Acoustically correct walls and ceilings
            (ii.) Music rooms soundproofed to reduce noise         transmission
            (iii.) Individual duct work systems to eliminate noise transmission
            (d) Tiered risers and treads
            (e) Protective wainscot, 48 inches in height in practice rooms
            (f) Recording microphones which lower from the ceiling
            (g) Music rooms equipped to provide for lecture, testing, and use of audio-visual equipment
        10. Art Rooms
          1. Two classroom areas with common storage facilities
          2. Crafts room
            (a) Storage rooms for project and supplies
            (b) Kiln area
            (c) Pottery and lapidary area
          3. Instructors' offices
          4. Graphics Art Room
          5. General Provisions
            (a) Maximum area of tackboard display space
            (b) Paper storage cabinets to fit standard size sheets
            (c) Tote trays for each student
            (d) Provisions for darkening rooms
            (e) Clocks in rooms to ensure students of adequate clean-up time at the end of each period
            (f) Wash-up sinks large enough to accommodate 4-6 students at a time(g) Sink cabinets of water-resistant finish
            (h) Water faucets with stationary spouts
            (i) Display cases and hanging space in corridor for projects
        11. Family and Consumer Science (FACS)
          1. Clothing laboratory with space and equipment to accommodate class of 32 students
          2. Foods laboratory with space and equipment to accommodate class of 32 in groups of 4
          3. Home living center with lecture room (demonstration make-up area)
        12. Computer Rooms
          1. Two classrooms with space and equipment to accommodate 45 students each
          2. General provisions
            (a) Flush electrical floor outlets for power and data for computers.
            (b) Provisions for darkening room to permit use of visual aids
        13. CTE
          1. General areas for seventh, eighth, and ninth grades with facilities for:
            (a) Computer technology room
            (b) Applied technology room
            (c) Prototype lab
            (d) Business lab
          2. Each shop area provided with the following auxiliary areas
            (a) Office
            (b) Classroom (darkening for visual aid)
        14. Science
          1. Six general science rooms/two per grade with approximately 1,400 square feet of floor space, lecture space in same area as lab space
          2. Instructors' offices
          3. Supply room adjacent to classroom
          4. Project room
          5. General provisions
            (a) Instructors' demonstration table in each room
            (b)  Provisions for room darkening to permit use of visual aids
            (c)  Location of equipment to gain advantage of natural light
            (d)  Lighted display case for science department
            (e)  Provision in planning for large and small group lectures and demonstrations, and individual project areas.
        1. General Classrooms (for language arts, mathematics, social studies, etc.)
          The school shall be designed to facilitate both team and single teacher instruction in the following areas:

          1. Humanities
            (a) Ten language arts with 900 square feet of floor space each
            (b) Ten social sciences with 900 square feet of floor space each
          2. Mathematics with seven rooms with 900 square feet of floor space each
          3. General classroom in other departments
            (a) Instructional materials center
            (b) Science rooms
            (c) Subject area classrooms not named in the fore-going specifications
          4. General Design
            (a) Teachers' offices located adjacent to areas of instruction
            (b) Storage, supply and faculty lounge facilities situated to facilitate staff preparation and planning
            (c) Academic areas located near and easily accessible to the Instructional Media Center
          5. General notes for typical classrooms
            (a) Adequate provision for book shelving and storage space
            (b) Adequate whiteboard and tack board space commensurate with the function of each room
            (c) Provisions for darkening all rooms to permit use of visual aids
          6. General Recommendations
            The following are general notes previously suggested or recommended by principals and staff of middle schools in the District:
            (a) Classroom intercom equipment located to prevent tampering by students
            (b) At least 15 shower heads installed in each gym shower room
            (c) Centralized keyed light switches for halls and restrooms
            (d) Tack board placed by teacher's mail boxes
            (e) Electrical outlets for sound and scoreboard in gym installed in wall behind bleachers and not in floor
            (f) Clocks provided in all classrooms and corridors
            (g) Record vault construction consisting of reinforced block walls with concrete ceiling and "B" label wood door
            (h) Second floor rooms containing water and sink facilities designed to anticipate possible overflow and flooding of floors and to prevent water damage to areas below
      3. High Schools
        Specifications are generally the same as those for the middle school except for the following provisions:

        1. Teaching Stations:
          1. English – 11
          2. Special Education – 2
          3. Speech Arts – 2
          4. Foreign Language – 2
          5. Social Studies – 8
          6. Mathematics – 7
          7. Sciences – 6 (1 chemistry, 1 physics, and 4 biology)
          8. Arts and Crafts – 3
          9. FACS – 3 1/2
          10. Business – 5
          11. CTE – 8  (1 woodworking, 1 machine shop, 2 auto mechanics, 1 welding, 1 electrical, 1 drafting, computer technology, and 1 general)
          12. Music – 2
          13. Physical Education – 5  (weight room, wrestling room, main gym, area gym, dance/aerobics room)
        2. Teachers' office space to be provided on the basis of one office for every two teachers
        3. Instructional Media Center - 6,000 square feet of useable floor space, with provisions for future expansion
        4. Auditorium designed to seat 1,200
        5. Main gym designed to seat 3,000,
        6. Area Gym to seat 1,000
        7. Cafeteria designed to seat 800
        8. Administration:  Clerk's office; principal’s office - two; counselors - three; registrar - one